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Case Digest on Biden, President of the United States, et al. v. Nebraska et al.

Case Digest on Biden, President of the United States, et al. v. Nebraska et al.
This case examined the authority of the Secretary of Education under the HEROES Act to enact a student loan forgiveness program, cancelling approximately $430 billion in debt. The Supreme Court determined that the HEROES Act did not authorize the Secretary to implement such a sweeping loan forgiveness program.


The case focused on a significant student loan forgiveness initiative proposed by the Secretary of Education under the Biden administration, challenging the extent of executive power under the HEROES Act.

Facts of the Case:

The Secretary of Education announced a plan to forgive up to $20,000 in student loan debt for eligible borrowers, predicated on the HEROES Act. This plan was contested by several states, arguing it exceeded the Secretary's statutory authority.

Issue of the Case:

Whether the HEROES Act grants the Secretary of Education the authority to implement a broad student loan forgiveness program.

Ruling of the Case:

The Supreme Court ruled that the HEROES Act does not empower the Secretary to enact such extensive loan forgiveness, stating that the Act permits only minor modifications to existing financial aid programs and not fundamental changes.

This decision underscores the limitations of executive power in enacting significant policy changes without explicit congressional authorization, particularly in the context of financial aid and student loans.


The ruling reaffirms the principle that significant policy shifts, especially those with substantial financial implications, require clear legislative authorization, reflecting a cautious approach to interpreting statutory powers.